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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-24

Altered biliary flow rate and bile composition following consumption of ethanolic fruit extract of Dennettia in rats

Department of Physiology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Nigeria

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O E Ofem
Department of Physiology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-516X.125678

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Background: Dennettia tripetala is a tropical plant with some ethno-medicinal uses; it enhances uterine contraction/involution in pregnant and post-partum women, it is also a mild laxative, with anti-bacteria, antifungal properties etc., Aims: This study sought to elucidate the impact of D. tripetala fruit extract intake on biliary flow rate and bile composition in rats. Materials and Methods: A total of 18 albino Wistar rats were randomly assigned into three groups of 6 rats each and fed on normal rat chow + drinking water and/or 85 mg/kg, 170 mg/kg body weight of D. tripetala extract for 14 days. Results: The rate of bile secretion in the control, low dose (LD) and high dose (HD) D. tripetala extract treated rats was 4.40 ± 0.24 ml/h, 3.20 ± 0.20 ml/h and 4.60 ± 0.25 ml/h respectively. Showing a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in LD and an increase in HD. Na+ concentration increased significantly (P < 0.01) in the LD extract recipients, but was reduced in the HD. LD of the extract increased K+ significantly (P < 0.001) while HD decreased it (P < 0.05). Both low and HD of the extract reduced Cl concentration significantly (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001 respectively). HCO3 increased significantly (P < 0.05) in the HD extract recipients. However, total cholesterol, total and conjugated bilirubin concentrations were not significantly altered by D. tripetala fruit extracts. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study showed that LD of D. tripetala may reduce bile flow rate while HD may increase it without altering the saturation of cholesterol and bilirubin.

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