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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 128-130

Leiomyosarcoma of the vagina: A rare entity with comprehensive review of the literature

1 Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Cytology and Gynecological Pathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Divya Khosla
Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh - 160 012, Punjab and Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-516X.136806

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Primary malignant lesions of the vagina are uncommon, and vaginal sarcomas are even rarer. We describe a rare case of stage I, high-grade leiomyosarcoma of the vagina treated with combined modality treatment. A 39-year-old female presented with vaginal mass and underwent resection. Histopathological examination revealed atypical leiomyoma of the vagina with definite risk of recurrence. Eleven months later, she presented with a recurrent vaginal mass and underwent exploratory laparotomy with total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy plus resection of recurrent tumor and partial vaginectomy. The detailed histopathological examination was suggestive of leiomyosarcoma of the vagina. The patient received adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The patient is alive and disease-free 29 months postsurgery. Experience with vaginal leiomyosarcomas is limited. The optimal treatment methods have not yet been established because of the rarity of the tumor. We add another case of leiomyosarcoma of the vagina to the limited existing literature.

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