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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 23-26

Infected pseudoaneurysms in intravenous drug abusers: Ligation or reconstruction?

Department of Surgery, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Navdeep Singh Saini
Department of Surgery, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Brown road, Ludhiana - 141 008, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-516X.140715

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Background: Infected pseudoaneurysm in intravenous (IV) drug abusers is a serious clinical problem, with difficult and controversial management. With existing controversies regarding their optimal management, we present the results of simple ligation and local debridement for treatment of infected pseudoaneurysms. Patients and Methods: Records of 72 consecutive patients with pseudoaneurysms in IV drug abusers over the last 20 years were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Ligation and excision of pseudoaneurysm was done in all patients with delayed revascularization in only two patients. Four patients had amputations because they had gangrenous limbs on presentation. All other patients had healthy limbs at the time of discharge. There were three deaths, two due to sepsis with multiorgan dysfunction and one with hemorrhagic shock. Conclusion: Infected pseudoaneurysm should be managed by simple ligation of involved artery with delayed revascularization, if required.

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