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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 137-142

Sleep paralysis, a medical condition with a diverse cultural interpretation

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, All Saints University, Roseau, Commonwealth of, Dominica

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Adegbenro Omotuyi John Fakoya
All Saints University School of Medicine, Hillsborough and Great Street, Roseau
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_19_18

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Sleep paralysis (SP) is a state associated with the inability to move that occurs when an individual is about sleeping or just waking. It could occur in healthy individuals as isolated SP. It has also been linked with other underlying psychiatry, familial, and sleep disorders. Statistics show that 8% of the general population suffers from SP. Although this value has been described inaccurately, there is no standard definition or etiology to diagnose SP. There are several speculations describing SP in the current literature. These descriptions can be viewed as either cultural-based or medical-based. The disparity among cultural or ethnic groups and medical professionals in identifying SP has led to the various approaches to managing the condition. This review aims to medically describe SP and how it is interpreted and managed among various cultural groups.

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