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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 226-230

Anemia and nutritional status in tuberculosis patients

1 Department of Medicine, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India
2 Department of Chest, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India
3 Department of Nephrology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, India

Correspondence Address:
Suman Sethi
Department of Nephrology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.ijabmr_76_21

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Introduction: Anemia is a common complication of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Nutritional deficiency and malabsorption syndrome can deepen the severity of anemia. The aim of the present study was to study anemia and nutritional status in patients with TB at a tertiary care center. Materials and Methods: All patients diagnosed with TB (pulmonary and extrapulmonary), registered with Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP), taking DOTS regimen, attending the outpatient department as well as those admitted in the medicine and chest units of a tertiary care hospital, were enrolled in the present study. Results: Anemia was more common between the age groups of 51 and 60 years, with distribution of males (87 [58%]), patients with diabetes (49 [32%]), and hypertensive patients (29 [19.3%]). In our study, 48 (85.7%) out of 56 patients diagnosed with extrapulmonary TB were found to have anemia; similarly, 77 (88.5%) out of 87 patients diagnosed to have pulmonary TB were anemic. Anemia of chronic disease (128 [97.17%]) was higher when compared to that of those with iron-deficiency anemia (3 [2.29%]). According to body mass index (BMI), 135 (90%) patients were underweight; according to mid-arm circumference (MAC), 131 (87.3%) patients had severe malnutrition; and according to waist–hip ratio [WHR], 96 (64%) patients were underweight. Conclusion: Anemia was common in males and alcoholics, and there was a high prevalence of anemia of chronic disease. In addition, anemia was associated with high erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. High proportions of TB patients (pulmonary and extrapulmonary) were classified as underweight and malnourished on the basis of different parameters (BMI, MAC, and WHR); in addition, the degree of malnutrition was higher in patients with anemia than in those without.

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